This basic kitchen item brings up vivid memories for us of Mom canning in the kitchen. Find out more about the history and collectibility of these common jars.Jars were used by many a wife and mother to can and preserve food.They are commonly seen for sale at antique malls, farm auctions, flea markets, yard sales, and on online auction sites.The very first versions with this embossing are believed to date from approximately 1913, with production continuing to about 1960.They canned everything from mint jelly to beans to peaches in syrup.As a very necessary tool in the kitchen, the canning jar helped many families make use of harvests well into winter.While some food preservation is still done in pottery crocks, glass jars largely replaced stoneware starting in the late 1800s.The Mason jar was patented by Landis Mason in 1858 and Ball started producing these jars in 1885.
Thus, foods have received a relatively limited amount of research in comparison to the relative commonness of the type.Largely supplanted by other products and methods for commercial canning, such as tin cans and plastic containers, glass jars and metal lids are still commonly used in home canning.Mason jars are also called Ball jars, in reference to the Ball Corporation, an early and prolific manufacturer of glass canning jars; fruit jars for a common content; and glass canning jars a generic term reflecting their material and purpose. brands of Mason jars are Ball, Kerr, and Golden Harvest.In 1976, Ball produced reproductions of the buffalo jars and created Bicentennial jars.In 2013 Ball made the Heritage Collection, which commemorates the 100 year anniversary of the historic 1913 breakthrough in their process.Ball Perfect Mason – Half Gallon & Quart sizes " data-medium-file="https:// data-large-file="https:// class="size-large wp-image-1339" title="Ball-Perfect-Mason-Jars" src=" alt="Ball Perfect Mason Jars- Half Gallon & Quart sizes" width="640" height="629" srcset="https:// https:// https:// sizes="(max-width: 640px) 100vw, 640px" / Most of the earlier versions were round (cylindrical) in shape, and some of the later types are square (with rounded corners) in design.Some variants have vertical “ribs” or “grips” along the sides, probably added to assist in handling the jars while they are wet.The category of food (aka "culinary") bottles - including fruit/canning jars - is yet another very large group of bottles and jars with a very high degree of diversity of shapes and sizes as shown in the image above (Switzer 1974).As with most of the other major bottle type categories covered on this website, the examples described and illustrated on this Food Bottles & Canning Jars typology page comprise a brief overview and sampling of the variety of food bottles produced during the era covered by this website - the 19th century through the middle of the 20th century.Hundreds of millions (probably upwards of a billion or more!) have been made and used by home canners throughout most of the 20th century.One prominent observer noted that "...bottles made for foods are quite numerous and, in fact, constitute a large portion of bottles made..." (Munsey 1970).This is likely true in regards to the numbers of items produced which if included with the Medicinal, Chemical & Druggist Bottles types would certainly represent a majority of bottles produced since the early 19th century.The bands and lids usually come with new jars, but they are also sold separately.