For example, JJA Worsaae used this law to prove the Three Age System.
For more information on stratigraphy and how it is used in archaeology, see the Stratigraphy glossary entry.
CATEGORY: feature DEFINITION: A feature that has been formed without deliberate construction or constraints.
The feature results from accretion, for example, in a midden, or subtraction, for example, in a quarry.
Stratigraphy is the oldest of the relative dating methods that archaeologists use to date things.
Stratigraphy is based on the law of superposition--like a layer cake, the lowest layers must have been formed first.
The scholar most associated with the rules of stratigraphy (or law of superposition) is probably the geologist Charles Lyell.
The basis for stratigraphy seems quite intuitive today, but its applications were no less than earth-shattering to archaeological theory.
The order produced is theoretically chronological, but will need archaeological assessment.
Archaeologists use many different techniques to determine the age of a particular artifact, site, or part of a site.
Two broad categories of dating or chronometric techniques that archaeologists use are called relative and absolute dating.
The place usually corresponded to one or more features and associated artifacts and ecofacts.
In American archaeology, the term describes the smallest observable component of a SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: air photography, aerophotography, aerial reconnaissance CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: A technique of photographic observation and survey of the ground from an aircraft, spacecraft, or satellite which provides detailed information about sites and features without excavation.